Insulin is used to lower high levels of blood sugar. Insulin treatment is given to diabetics either as an oral hypoglycemic agent or through an injection. In some cases, insulin reaction is noticed, especially among those suffering from severe diabetes. Insulin reactions can range from hunger pangs and sweating and trembling to dizziness, abnormal behavior and unconsciousness. A person can even suffer a stroke. Hypoglycemia is a common reaction to insulin. This can happen due to increased activity or late/missed meals. An increase in the insulin dosage can also bring about such a reaction. When there is malfunctioning in the kidneys or thyroid, an insulin reaction may be noticed.
A reaction to the insulin occurs soon after the insulin in injected. The reduced blood sugar level brings on hypoglycemia and its consequent reactions. If you notice such an insulin reaction, notify your doctor immediately. Eating something immediately will help alleviate the symptoms. Consume juice or candies if you notice symptoms of insulin reaction. A few ounces of milk or whole grain crackers will also help. When a person loses consciousness due to an insulin reaction, he is usually given an injection of glycogen - a prescription drug that elevates blood sugar levels. It is advisable for insulin-dependent diabetics to carry hard candy, sugar cubes or cheese crackers with them at all times for such a situation.
Insulin resistance or Metabolic syndrome is a condition where the body's insulin is not properly utilized. This condition also called Syndrome X is often called impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or Pre-diabetes. In an attempt to compensate the insulin resistance, the body produces extra insulin that leads directly or indirectly to the metabolic abnormalities.
Causes for Syndrome X
Obesity metabolic syndrome: A large waistline or abdominal obesity, which generally is 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women.
Physical inactivity: Metabolic syndrome is associated with sedentary lifestyles like adipose tissue, reduced HDL cholesterol, increased triglycerides (fat found in blood), blood pressure and glucose in the genetically susceptible.
Aging: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increases with age.
Diabetes Mellitus: Metabolic syndrome is found in large majority of patients with Type-2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).
Coronary Heart Disease: Patients with coronary heart disease are at higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
Tackling Metabolic Resistance
Physical activity for at least 30 to 60 minutes a day is generally recommended. Losing weight is imperative to dealing with metabolic syndrome. Follow a healthy diet. Insulin resistance is increased by smoking cigarettes. part from weight loss and exercise, few drugs are also prescribed to reduce the LDL cholesterol levels. Drugs prescribed for this kind of treatment include statin, a fibrate drug or a combination of a statin with either niacin or a fibrate.
Metabolic syndrome or metabolic syndrome x is a medical disorder or a group of conditions that results from insulin resistance. People with metabolic syndrome are at the increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death.
Metabolic syndrome symptoms
Fasting hyperglycemia or diabetes mellitus type 2 or impaired fasting glucose, or insulin resistance is a major symptom of metabolic syndrome. Other symptoms indicating metabolic syndrome include high triglycerides, PCOS, fatty liver and hypertension.
Insulin resistance is the major factor in metabolic syndrome. In an attempt to compensate the insulin resistance, the body produces extra insulin that leads directly or indirectly to the metabolic abnormalities. The prevalence of the syndrome is calculated based on the waist circumference, which generally is 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women. Having excess fat in the abdominal area is a greater risk factor for heart disease than excess fat in other parts of the body like hips. Despite obesity, people with normal weight may also be insulin resistant and can have metabolic syndrome.
Physical inactivity is the major cause of any cardiovascular disease and mortality. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increases with age. Metabolic syndrome is noticed in large majority of patients with Type-2 diabetes. Patients with coronary heart disease are at higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is high in people with lipodystrophy, a medical condition characterized by abnormal or degenerative condition of the body's adipose tissue. Both genetic and acquired form of lipodystrophy can increase the severity of insulin resistance thus leading to metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic Syndrome Treatment
There is no one single treatment to relieve metabolic syndrome. Physical activity for at least 30 to 60 minutes a day is generally recommended. Weight Loss is recommended to reduce the insulin levels in your body. Eat wisely.
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Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: April 4, 2020