Hypoglycemia (also spelt as Hypoglycemia) is a condition where a person has low blood glucose. The level of glucose in the blood drops below 2.5mmol/l. Insulin produced in the pancreas helps in absorption of glucose from the blood. When the levels of insulin in the blood is high, it can result in extremely low levels of blood sugar or a condition of Hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia can result on account of excessive consumption of refined sugar and carbohydrates, soft drinks or caffeine. Hypoglycemia is sometimes noticed in persons on medications such as quinine, salicylates for rheumatic disease and propranolol for hypertension.
Other causes include:
A person suffering from hypoglycemia will notice symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, agitation and trembling. There is difficulty in concentration and sometimes temporary loss of consciousness. Hypoglycemia can cause double vision, temporary paralysis and seizures and abnormal behavior. The person suffering from hypoglycemia feels hungry and starts sweating profusely. Ignoring this condition can lead to hypoglycemic coma. It is essential to avoid repeated attacks of hypoglycemia since it can lead to fatal brain damage. An attack of hypoglycemia during driving or swimming can be disastrous. Night time hypoglycemia is characterized by sweating at night and headache on waking up.
Hypoglycemia is diagnosed by measuring the blood glucose levels. If there is any tumor in the pancreas, it is usually removed. Treatment for weakened pituitary and adrenal glands include suitable medication. To handle reactive hypoglycemia, it is essential to eat smaller meals spread out during the day. This can prevent large fluctuations in insulin secretion levels. Try and include complex carbohydrates in the diet. Never overload your body with very heavy large meals. Spacing out the meals allows better digestion and absorption. Smaller meals also helps keep weight in check and keeps acidity at bay. Snack on high-fiber food as it slows down the rise in blood sugar levels. Include fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grain cereal foods. Make lean proteins and reduced fat a part of your diet. Drink plenty of water.
Insulin is used to lower high levels of blood sugar. Insulin treatment is given to diabetics either as an oral hypoglycemic agent or through an injection. In some cases, insulin reaction is noticed, especially among those suffering from severe diabetes. Insulin reactions can range from hunger pangs and sweating and trembling to dizziness, abnormal behavior and unconsciousness. A person can even suffer a stroke. Hypoglycemia is a common reaction to insulin. This can happen due to increased activity or late/missed meals. An increase in the insulin dosage can also bring about such a reaction. When there is malfunctioning in the kidneys or thyroid, an insulin reaction may be noticed.
A reaction to the insulin occurs soon after the insulin in injected. The reduced blood sugar level brings on hypoglycemia and its consequent reactions. If you notice such an insulin reaction, notify your doctor immediately. Eating something immediately will help alleviate the symptoms. Consume juice or candies if you notice symptoms of insulin reaction. A few ounces of milk or whole grain crackers will also help. When a person loses consciousness due to an insulin reaction, he is usually given an injection of glycogen - a prescription drug that elevates blood sugar levels. It is advisable for insulin-dependent diabetics to carry hard candy, sugar cubes or cheese crackers with them at all times for such a situation.
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Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: February 23, 2020