Pediatric ophthalmology is a sub specialty of ophthalmology concerned with vision care and eye diseases in children. A pediatric ophthalmologist provides comprehensive care in diagnostic, treatment and management of infant vision and common childhood vision disorders. Surgery to correct ocular misalignment and double vision in children are also performed by a pediatric ophthalmologist. Pediatric ophthalmologists are physicians who have completed a three year residency in ophthalmology after the medical school and one year internship and one or two year fellowship in pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. Pediatric ophthalmology fellowships are accredited by the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus in the US.
Role of a pediatric ophthalmologist in child vision care:
Tests conducted by pediatric ophthalmologist
An Orthoptist diagnoses and treats sight-related disorders such as amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus and ocular motility. Other conditions managed by an orthoptist include cataract, retinal disease and glaucoma. Orthoptists are involved in diagnostic techniques such as tomometry and ultrasound of the eye. An orthoptist helps in managing neurological disorders or eye defects. Typically an orthoptist deals with children and their vision-related problems. This include teaching them how to use pediatric lenses and using eye patches.
Farsightedness or Hyperopia is largely an inherited condition caused by inability of the eye to become round enough to cause a clear image. It is also called hypermetropia or long sightedness. Typically crossed eyes, blurred vision of close objects and eye strain are symptoms of hyperopia in children. Objects at distance can be seen clearly while those in near range appear blurred. Refraction test, visual acuity and retinal examination help diagnose farsightedness. Corrective glasses or contact lens help correct this problem. People with hyperopia can experience blurred vision, asthenopia, accommodative dysfunction, binocular dysfunction, amblyopia, and strabismus. Nearby objects may appear blurred. Regular eye tests are recommended for all persons, especially those with high risk of eye diseases like glaucoma or those who have high hereditary factors.
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Diseases, Symptoms, Tests and Treatment arranged in alphabetical order:
Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: December 9, 2019