Proctoplasty is the plastic surgery of the anus or rectum. Reconstructive surgery and anaplasty are other broader terms for proctoplasty. Proctoplasty is performed predominantly on children born with ano-rectal anomalies. There are cases born without any opening at the anus. Congenital fistulae may be present in some infants. Surgery alone affords cure to cases of this nature. While cases born without any opening at the anus are treated as an emergency procedure, fistulae treatment can be delayed for about two to three years. For these cases, proctoplasty is an operation of choice, whenever possible.
Proctoplasty is also at times done during hemorrhoidectomy. Proctoplasty extends the removal of tissue higher into the anal canal so that redundant anal lining is also removed. Recently, transanal endoscopic assisted proctoplasty, which is considered as a safe procedure is adopted for anatomical reconstruction of the anorectum. In significant proportion of patients, it is also used for contemporaneous closure of the sigmoidostomy with imperforate anus without fistula. This is a novel surgical approach with less potential associated complications.
Reconstructive surgery of the anus / rectum or the terminal part of the intestine is termed Rectoplasty. Rectoplasty is a surgery concerned with therapeutic and cosmetic reformation of tissue. The goal of Rectoplasty is to restore the form and function in deformed body structures which may be damaged due to various factors including disease, congenital anomaly, tumor, trauma or infection. Rectoplasty is employed not just for aesthetic problems and corrections, but also for anatomical and physiological irregularities. Vertical reduction rectoplasty has been devised specifically to correct physiological abnormalities which are present in the rectum of patients with idiopathic megarectum. Posterior sagittal ano-rectoplasty is adopted to rectify the malformations in infants, especially in females where the vestibular fistulae is frequently underestimated.
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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: June 24, 2021