Bunion is a common disorder of the foot. Medically, bunions are referred to as hallux valgus, displacement of the great toe towards the other toes. The result is a hard bump or bunion on the inside edge of the toe. Women are more likely to have bunion than men. The exact cause is still unknown but the common causes attributed to developing bunions include:
Symptoms of bunions
Bunions can be categorized into mild, moderate or severe. Having a bunion does not necessarily mean experiencing excruciating or mild pain in the affected area. There are instances when people with severe bunions donít experience pain and those with mild bunions experiencing a lot of pain. Possible symptoms of bunions include:
If you suspect the bump on the feet to be a bunion irrespective of whether you experience symptoms or not, it is time to seek medical attention. Gradually, you may find it difficult to walk in the usual footwear.
The health care provider may ask questions related to duration of the bump, associated discomfort being experienced and the genetic factor. After visually examining the affected part, an x-ray may be required to determine possible cause and the stage of the bunion, how severe the bump is. X-rays help understand and assess the anatomy of the feet.
The results of the x-ray will help health care provider understand the severity of the bunion. Unless a surgery is performed, bunion cannot be permanently removed. Surgery is resorted to only in such cases where the bunion results in excruciating pain and interferes with daily activities. Bunion surgery is done to help restore normal alignment to the toe joint and relieve pain. If the bunion does not cause pain or discomfort certain life style changes may be recommended which would prevent the bunion from getting worse.
A Podiatrist is a medical professional who treats disorders of the feet and ankles. They are also referred to as chiropractors. Persons suffering from disorders such as hammertoes, ingrown toenails, calluses, spurs, bunions and other foot problems are treated by a podiatrist. A podiatric physician must have a degree in podiatric medicine.
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Diseases, Symptoms, Tests and Treatment arranged in alphabetical order:
Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: December 3, 2023