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Acupuncture

The acupuncture technique involves penetrating the skin with thin, solid, metallic needles that are manipulated by the hands or by electric stimulation. This system believes in the flow of energy within the body through vital acupoints - acupuncture points.

Ancient Chinese medicine holds that the vital energy within our bodies flows through meridians. These channels allow energy or Qi to pass through various body organs and functions. Each one of these pathways or channels through which Qi flows is linked to an internal organ system When there is an imbalance or interruption of the Qi, it results in illness. There are over 1,000 acupoints within the meridian system that can be stimulated to enhance the flow of Qi.


Acupuncture aids in tracing blockages in the body's meridians. Acupuncture treatment corrects imbalances of this flow at identifiable points close to the skin. Traditionally, acupuncture involved use of very fine needles into the skin to stimulate specific anatomic points. The pressure is used to stimulate and balance movement of energy within the body.

Acupuncture points are points along the meridians that are manipulated to aid particular conditions and diseases by freeing the flow of the body's vital energy. Acupuncture points were mapped to 14 major meridian lines, one meridian for each of the 12 inner organs, one meridian along the spine (called the governing vessel) and another along the midline of the abdomen (called the conception vessel).

Abdominal adhesions

Adhesions are formed in the body as repair process response to previously incurred surgery, infection and radiological procedures. Adhesions contain fragments of scar tissues that are arranged between previously damaged tissues. Adhesions are often significant post-operative complications, which predominantly occur in the pelvic and cardiac regions. Many cases of obstructive bowel disorders have been reported after pelvic surgeries due to the presence of abdominal adhesions.


Abdominal adhesions are asymptomatic in most but they gradually produce significant symptoms leading to complications. In case of obstructive diseases, abdominal adhesions result in ischemia of the intestines. Along with the abdominal region, adhesions also occur in the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes post cesarean sections, hysterectomy and treatments of pelvic inflammatory disease. Adhesions in the heart cause conditions such as rheumatic fever by affecting the pericardial region of the heart. It also causes damage to the valves in decreasing the cardiac activity resulting in ischemic heart disease.

Clinical manifestations of abdominal adhesions

Abdominal adhesions prevent the movement of intestines by adhering to their surfaces. Adherence of these adhesions gradually results in the formation of fiber-like structures along the intestinal region constricting the blood flow leading to the onset of tissue necrosis and inflammation. Abdominal adhesions occur as a result of surgical procedures. Some of the predisposing factors include the handling of the internal organs during surgeries, incisions, preexisting infections, and contacts with surgical instruments and absorbent materials such as gauze and cotton swabs which dry the tissues, remnants of blood clots after the surgical procedure and radiation. Other factors include appendicitis.

Symptoms of abdominal adhesions include vomiting, constipation, improper bowel movement, bloating and abdominal swelling. The classical symptom indicating the presence of abdominal adhesions is chronic abdominal pain followed by gastrointestinal bleeding. These symptoms are further correlated with the patient's history associated with previous surgical procedures.

Diagnosis and prevention

Abdominal adhesions can only be detected using laparoscopic procedure. However, X rays determine the presence of intestinal obstructions. Hence abdominal surgeries are only recommended when it is absolutely necessary. Abdominal adhesions can only be prevented by administering minimal invasive procedures such as laparoscopy. In cases of surgeries that require large incisions, a thin absorbable material called seprafilm is placed between the tissues to prevent the occurrence of adhesions. Seprafilm is gradually digested by the tissue fluids. Many studies indicate that the usage of latex free gloves can prevent adhesions to a greater extent. Tissue rehydration is very important during surgical procedure to prevent abdominal adhesions.

Treating of Abdominal adhesions

Abdominal adhesions are removed surgically followed by analgesic medication. An alternative to surgery in the treatment of these lesions includes the administration of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). The CAM procedure consists of methodologies such as acupuncture and physical therapy.


Muscle Spasm

Muscle spasm, also known as cramps is an involuntary and painful contraction/movement of the muscles. Muscle spasms may cause stiffness or swelling in the muscle. Muscle spasms can occur in any muscle of the body. It is called Charley horse when it occurs in the leg. Spasms are risk-free and die down within a few minutes. The most frequent cause for muscle spasms:


  • Exercising heavily, more than the normal routine.
  • Exhaustion of the muscles
  • Calcium and magnesium deficiency/insufficient levels in the body
  • Dehydration in the body
  • Pregnancy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Excessive medications
  • Excessive intake of alcohol

Muscle spasm symptoms include rigid or tight muscles and severe pain. The muscle appears to be knotted.

  • Stretch the affected muscles just immediately after the spasm.
  • Stop all activities and relax.
  • Heat therapy will help initially and after a little pain relief, ice therapy will improve on the relief.
  • With severe pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will help.
  • In very severe cases, anti-spasm drugs are prescribed.
  • If any nerve is the cause of the spasm then physical therapy should be given.
  • While active in sports activity and spasm occurs, drink water as dehydration during play causes spasms.
  • In severe cases, massage therapy might be recommended.
  • Injections are given directly to the spot in extreme cases.
  • Acupuncture too helps.
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Bibliography / Reference

Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: July 20, 2019