ACE inhibitors or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are a group of drugs that are prescribed for congestive heart failure and hypertension. Their effect is much like that of Angiotensin Receptor Blockers whereby they widen the blood vessels. Persons suffering heart failure, heart attack and chronic hypertension are most often prescrbied the ACE inhibitors. It is contraindicated to take NSAID or salt substitutes when taking ACE inhibitors as they might decrease their effect. Pregnant women must refrain from taking ACE inhibitors.
Anti hypertensive drugs
Anti hypertension drugs can be classified into 8 broad categories depending upon their mode of action. In this collection of health articles, we strive hard to impart information with no commercial bias and hence you may not find any commercial name of the drugs or brand names as far as possible. Instead we may present the generic names of the drugs.
To control the high blood pressure, your doctor may use one of the following group of drugs:
High BP Treatment
High blood pressure most often does not exhibit symptoms and is therefore called the 'silent killer'. Medications are prescribed for high blood pressure or hypertension in medical terminology, based on the readings taken over a period of time. While some might need minimal doses, others would need intensive medical therapy.
Diuretics are used to reduce blood volume by eliminating sodium and water.
Beta Blockers reduce nerve impulses to the heart and blood vessels and cause the heart to work slower. These medications can interact with other medicines.
ACE inhibitors allow the blood vessels to relax by blocking the formation of Angiotensin II, that narrows blood vessels. A possible side effect is dry cough. These medicines can interact with other medications.
Calcium Channel blockers slow down the heart rate. They prevent calcium from entering the heart blood vessels.
Renin inhibitors reduce rate of renin production; which kicks a chain reaction that results in higher blood pressure.
Vasodilators, nervous system inhibitors and Alpha blockers are also used in high BP treatment or hypertension management.
Lifestyle changes to treat High Blood Pressure
1. Reduce salt intake.
2. Lead an active healthy life. Keep weight under control.
3. Eat a low-fat healthy diet. Eating foods rich in potassium and omega-3 fats are beneficial for overall heart health.
4. Quit smoking.
5. Cut down alcohol consumption.
6. Practice effective stress management. Stress can cause your blood pressure to temporarily rise and over time worsen into hypertension and lead to heart disease.
Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: February 19, 2019