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Hypoparathyroidism is a medical condition that occurs due to insufficient levels of parathyroid hormone. Hyperparathyroidism can lead to abnormal levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. The blood levels of calcium dip and the levels of phosphorus rise. Hypoparathyroidism can occur due to injury to the parathyroid glands. Underdevelopment of parathyroid glands at birth, radiation therapy or other medical conditions can lead to Hypoparathyroidism. The congenital absence of the parathyroid glands leads to a disease known as DiGeorge syndrome.

A patient suffering from Hypoparathyroidism may notice tingling in the arms and feet and muscle spasms. The skin and hair becomes dry and the nails become brittle. Hypoparathyroidism can bring on convulsions or cataract. There may be dental complications and painful menstruation. Children suffering from Hypoparathyroidism suffer from vomiting and headaches. There may be improper development of the teeth. The patient is likely to suffer from fungal infections. Persons suffering from Hypoparathyroidism may suffer from cardiac arrhythmia.

Blood tests are conducted to measure the levels of parathyroid hormone. X-rays and CT scans will reveal any bone abnormalities due to insufficient calcium. Calcium injections or Vitamin D tablets can provide relief to a person suffering from Hypoparathyroidism. A diet rich in calcium and low in magnesium is suggested.

Tags: #Hypoparathyroidism
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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: April 17, 2024