This is an antioxidant that helps to prevent cells from damage especially the red blood cells. Deficiency of Vitamin E can result in abnormal fat deposits, vision problems, tingling and pain in the arms and legs. It can also result in enlarged prostate and fertility problems. Lack of vitamin E over time can lead to kidney and liver problems. Vitamin E is found in vegetable oils such as corn oil, wheat germ oil and safflower oil, green leafy vegetables, avocados, wheat, and whole grains.
Evening primrose oil
Evening primrose oil is derived from the seeds of a small yellow wildflower Oenothera biennis and has been hailed as a rich source of gamma linoleic acid, an EFA (Essential Fatty Acid). This plant is a native of North America and the flower bears a resemblance to the English primrose.
The oil from the primrose plant was used to treat stomach ache, bruises and hemorrhoids. A rich source of Vitamin E, evening primrose oil is available in soft gel, oil and capsule form. It contains campestrol and beta-sitosterol.
GLA is converted by the body into prostaglandin - substance that posses properties for controlling inflammation, clotting the blood and synthesizing cholesterol properties. The anti-inflammatory properties of evening primrose provide relief for those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Supplements of Evening primrose oil have shown benefits in cases of skin afflictions such as itching, redness and drying as it has essential fatty acids.
Evening primrose oil supplements are often suggested for menopausal women to alleviate symptoms such as headaches, rapid hormonal fluctuations, fluid retention and breast tenderness. Evening primrose oil is said to benefit heart patients by lowering blood cholesterol and reducing the risk of blood clots. Evening primrose oil has shown gradual decrease in triglyceride levels by increasing HDL and reducing LDL. Including evening primrose oil supplements can reduce high blood pressure.
Breast pain, medically termed as cyclic mastalgia is a common complaint experienced by many women before menstruation. Particularly, young women of reproductive age suffer from pain and tenderness of breasts before the onset of periods. The pain normally starts four to five days prior to the monthly cycle, but in few cases the discomfort is experienced right from the ovulation period. The pain is usually felt in both the breasts and more in the upper quadrant portion and rarely around the nipples. The pain subsides soon after menstruation and may persist for few months to years. The incidence of cyclical mastalgia is very rare in post menopausal women. Cyclic Mastalgia is not an indicator of breast cancer as breast pain is rarely a first symptom of this cancer.
The exact cause of the mastalgia is not known, however the condition is linked to the hormonal imbalance. The fluctuation in the level of two important hormones progesterone and estrogen before the periods can lead to cyclic mastalgia. Increased level of estrogen in comparison with progesterone levels during the second half of the month is believed to cause cyclical mastalgia. Women, who take oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy during menopause, may be affected by cyclic breast pain. As hormones play a major role in cyclic mastalgia, the condition is also known as hormonal breast soreness. However cyclical mastalgia cannot be totally attributed to hormonal imbalance. The monthly fluid retention swells up the breasts causing pain and tenderness. Low androgen levels, and high prolactin levels also result in cyclic mastalgia. It is also interesting to note that, the severity of the mastalgia increases with the stress related issues and wrong choice of diet.
Managing cyclical mastalgia
Cyclic mastalgia is not a disease and hence does not require any treatment as such. Yet if the pain is persistent, see your gynecologist to rule out other breast related conditions. Your doctor will first assess if the pain is cyclic or non cyclic (not related to monthly cycles). Non cyclic mastalgia occurs due to trauma, breast infection or sometimes it is associated with the chest wall. Once it is confirmed that the mastalgia is cyclic, doctor may merely reassure, counsel and educate you on how to manage the condition. If the pain is severe and disrupting normal life, doctor prescribes some medication such as Tamoxifen, Danazol and Bromocriptine. You may also be given Anti inflammatory gel which is quite effective in alleviating the pain.
There are few natural remedies available for cyclic mastalgia. Following are some of the methods which can be followed at home to manage the mastalgia effectively.
1. Wear a correct fitting bra to provide right support.
2. Avoid caffeine products as caffeine contains a substance called methyxanthine which allows blood vessels to dilate. The dilated blood vessels cause swelling that results in breast soreness.
3. Restrict salt intake as excess salt in the body leads to water retention making the breasts heavy and painful.
4. Following a low fat diet and also a diet that is free of sugars will provide relief to certain extent.
5. Popping in a capsule of evening primrose oil at least for 3 to 4 months is known to give good results. Though, this method has been followed since many years, it is advisable to consult your doctor before starting the course.
6. Taking vitamin E supplements has also been shown to help with breast discomfort.
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Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: January 27, 2023