Needed to form collagen, a tissue that helps to hold cells together, Vitamin C is imperative for healthy bones, teeth, gums, and blood vessels. The body absorbs calcium helps to heal wounds and also develops brain function due to Vitamin C. Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid is an antioxidant that blocks damage due to free radicals that might cause cancer, heart disease and protects against oxidative stress. Scurvy is a condition that occurs due to severe deficiency of Vitamin C. Red berries, green bell peppers, tomatoes, broccoli, spinach and grape, orange and guava fruits contain Vitamin C.
Purpura is a condition where there are small purple patches on the skin. They are caused by bleeding under the skin because of leak of small blood vessels. This might happen due to fragile or damaged blood vessels. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to purpura around the leg and hair roots. In the case of Henoch Schönlein purpura or allergic purpura, it is an inflammatory disorder accompanied by abdominal and joint pains. Corticosteroids are most often prescribed for purpura to increase the platelet count.
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and minerals boost the immune system of the individual, and they support normal growth and development of the body. For instance, carrot contains beta carotene and other carotenoids, which are not only good for eyes but also are antioxidants. Beta carotene is a precursor of Vitamin A and is part of the Provitamin A Carotenoids. The body converts carotenoids into Vitamin A, which in turn prevents possible eye problems. Vitamins fall under two categories:
Fat soluble vitamins - which dissolve in fat and can be stored in the body. Fat soluble vitamins are A, D, E and K.
Water soluble vitamins - which need to dissolve in water before your body can absorb them. Water soluble vitamins are Vitamin C and the B complex vitamins such as Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, niacin, riboflavin and folate.
While vitamins are organic substances, minerals are inorganic and they come from the soil and water and are absorbed by plants or eaten by animals. The body needs largest amounts of some minerals such as calcium, to stay healthy. Other minerals such as chromium, copper, iodine, selenium and zinc are termed trace minerals as the body needs very small amounts of them each day.
Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: January 22, 2019