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Gynecologist

Gynecologists are doctors who specialize in women's health. They primarily deal with diseases relating to the female reproductive organs. Obstetricians are doctors who also specialize in women's health and focus more on management of pregnancy and childbirth. It is pretty common to see that gynecologists are obstetricians and vice-versa. Gynecologists have to complete medical school and then further specialize in the field of gynecology and obstetrics. Modern days have seen both these services clubbed together and practiced together. Gynecologists/obstetricians carry out the following tasks:

  • Examine pregnant women and ensure their pregnancy is proceeding well. They advice women on the various conditions they face during the pregnancy phase.
  • They give specialized treatments for the patients as recommended by their general physicians and perform surgeries in the required patients.
  • They advice the patients on the various contraception methods available and suggest the on best suitable for them.
  • Give specialized treatment for infertility either through medications or surgical processes.
  • Deliver babies either through normal deliveries or caesarean sections.
  • Check on the health of the mother and the infant during and after the delivery.
  • They treat conditions like amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual periods) and dysmenorrhea (agonizing menstrual periods).
  • Treat cancer in the reproductive organs such as uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, vagina etc.

Latest techniques employed in gynecology

The use of latest technology in the field of gynecology/obstetrics has made it easier for the diagnosis and treatment of gynecological disorders


  • Vaginal scans have paved way to study the cervix ovaries, uterus and its contents in a detailed manner.
  • Pap smear helps check for any abnormal changes in the cervix cells called dysplasia.
  • Laparoscopy is another advancement that helps in processes like hysterectomy.
  • MRI and CAT scans are used to study uterine malformation etc.
  • Vaginal swabs are used to study bacterial growth.

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Bibliography / Reference

Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: November 22, 2019