Mammography involves use of solid-state detectors that aid in detecting early breast cancer in women. These detectors work much like those that are found in digital cameras. The images produced can be stored on a computer. It is essential that women going in for a mammogram do not wear lotions or deodorants on their breasts or underarms. The breast is placed on a special platform and compressed with a paddle so that the tissue is spread out. This aids in examining every bit of breast tissue sans overlapping. There might be slight discomfort when the breast is pressed by the mammogram compression device. Screening mammograms aids in detecting small abnormal tissue growths. A screening mammogram helps in identifying cysts, calcifications and tumors within the breast. Interpretation of the mammogram results can be difficult as there can be inaccurate readings due to breast implants, powder or salve on the breasts. If there are any regions that need special mammogram views, an x-ray marker is taped on the area. In some cases, a diagnostic mammogram is prescribed.
Diagnostic mammograms are prescribed in cases where there are suspicious changes such as lump or pain in the breast or nipple discharge. If there have been any abnormal findings on a screening mammogram, a diagnostic mammogram is required. Though technically a diagnostic mammogram is similar to a screening mammogram, a diagnostic mammogram focuses on the particular symptoms or problems such as breast lumps or mass. A diagnostic mammogram provides additional views and makes use of special techniques to magnify the abnormal area of the breast.
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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: May 25, 2020