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An urologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases related to the male and female urinary tract and male reproductive organs. Urologists are meant to be surgeons who have specialized in the aforesaid field. Urologists specialize in treating diseases related to the kidney, uterus, urinary bladder, male reproductive organs and urethra. Urologists have to complete medical school followed by one year internship and then followed by specialization of three years in the field of urology. They can further attain qualifications in sub-specialties such as pediatric urology, female urology, neurourology etc.

Tasks of an urologist

Urologists mainly focus on:

  • Prescribe medications for urinary infections. In women, urogynecologists treat problems related to the reproductive systems in women.
  • Perform surgeries for urinary infections.
  • Treat problems such as incontinence (holding back urine).
  • Give treatment for urinary stones.
  • Treat impotence in men and any other related problem with the reproductive organs of men such as infertility.
  • Conduct renal transplants (kidney transplantation).

Latest techniques employed in the field of urology

Modern technologies have seen the use of:

  • Ultrasound and various other diagnostic imaging techniques are used to detect stones in the bladder. They give clear picture of the bladder and its contents.
  • Cytoscope is used to study the bladder in detail thereby giving a clear picture of any disorder present.


Angiodynography represents an innovative system that harnesses Doppler sonography for the creation of real-time, color-coded images of blood vessels within the conventional ultrasound slice image. This advancement incorporates a novel computerized technique, enabling the simultaneous display of both the traditional pulse-echo signal and the Doppler shift signal resulting from bodily movements at every point within the ultrasound slice plane. In this system, static tissue structures are depicted in the familiar grayscale image, while dynamic elements such as blood flow are represented in colors.

One study encompassed 453 patients, and it yielded valuable insights. The study culminated in acquiring normal and pathological flow measurements in various anatomical locations, including the carotid artery, jugular vein, renal transplants, thyroid, testis, and urethra. Additionally, it visualized abnormal flow velocities in conditions such as stenosis, tumors, and diffuse parenchymal alterations. This innovative technology offers a promising avenue for non-invasive vascular and tissue assessments, enhancing diagnostic capabilities in diverse clinical scenarios.

Tags: #Urologist #Angiodynography
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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: May 25, 2024