The plantar fascia is a thin band of tissue that supports the arch of the feet. When this tissue is inflamed or torn, there is heel pain and discomfort. Heel spurs are a common cause for Plantar fasciitis. They are soft calcium deposits that are formed due to inflammation and tension in the heel region. By themselves, heel spurs do not cause pain. Pain associated with plantar fasciitis is usually pronounced on waking up in the morning. The pain is sharp and stabbing. There might be numbness and bruising too.
It can surface during periods of prolonged standing or activity. Causes for plantar fasciitis include ill-fitting shoes, flat feet or high arches or stress on the arch of the foot. Persons who are overweight are more at risk of developing plantar fasciitis as also those who spend a large part of the day on their feet. Sudden injury or lack of flexibility of calf muscles can also contribute to developing plantar fasciitis. Pregnant women, recreational athletes and persons who have suddenly gained weight are more at risk of developing plantar fasciitis.
It is essential to diagnose the condition correctly as the symptoms are sometimes similar to arthritis, heel bone damage or tarsal tunnel syndrome. X-rays aid in correctly identifying the cause for the pain. NSAIDs such as aspirin or ibuprofen are prescribed to alleviate the pain. Corticosteroids can give some relief. In severe cases of plantar fasciitis, the plantar fascia is detached from the heel bone. Wearing shoes with adequate arch support, rest and corrective exercises such as stretching and strengthening can help in relieving pain and inflammation. Use of ice pack and massage of the foot helps too. A night splint may be fixed to your calf and foot to stretch the leg effectively.
Plantar fasciitis is the tissue at the bottom of the foot and connects through the toes and the heel bone. When this tissue gets inflamed, the heel begins to pain and this condition is referred to as plantar fasciitis. The pain in the heel is at its peak when you step out of bed first thing in the morning, after a jogging session or after a game of tennis. The pain is severe early in the morning because the tissue contracts during the night and this pain might occur after long periods of standing or while getting up after sitting for a long period. The plantar fascia is called the shock absorber of the feet and supports the arch of the feet. If too much of stress is applied to that shock absorber, it gets inflamed. The major causes contributing to this condition:
Arthritis: People with arthritis tend to suffer with this condition as it causes inflammation to the tendons of the feet.
Excessive physical activity: While indulging in excessive physical activity, the heel bone and the soft tissue on the foot get stressed out too much and lead to plantar fasciitis. Too much strain can be caused while jogging, climbing stairs and walking.
Foot shape: Few people have flat feet and therefore have an odd style of walking thus causing strain to the foot due to uneven distribution of weight on each of the foot.
Ill fitting footwear: Footwear with high heels is a major contributor to feet strain and improper fitting footwear can also cause strain to the feet.
The symptoms for the above condition sets in slowly on one foot, though there are cases where in the pain sets in severely all of a sudden. The following are the most common symptoms:
In normal course home treatment is suggested for such cases; in extreme cases doctors suggest other treatments other than home treatment.
Dermatoses are conditions affecting the skin, nails, hair or glands. Dermatoses may be acute or chronic; acute conditions last from days to weeks and chronic conditions last from months to years. Treatment for dermatoses depends on whether the condition is acute or chronic. Most dermatoses respond to treatment with topical corticosteroids.
Dermatosis types and symptoms
Acute dermatoses: Occur suddenly and symptoms include redness, itching and swelling which may further progress to blisters, oozing, scratch marks etc. But usually the symptoms subside in a few days.
Chronic dermatoses: There are small oozing blisters and crusts that may appear thickened discolored and scaly. The skin is cracked and painful.
Subacute dermatoses: Symptoms include scaliness, scratch marks, redness and may peel off. The affected areas do not ooze and do not have blisters.
Dermatosis may be described through the following terms
Lichenification: Thickening and discoloration of skin like the lichen on a tree.
Lesion: Abnormal area of the skin.
Macule: Change in color or consistency of the skin.
Nodule: a bump in the skin that may measure larger than a centimeter in diameter.
Papule: a bump in the skin that may measure smaller than a centimeter in diameter.
Plaque: A large area of affected skin that may flake or peel, it generally has defined edges.
Pustules: A bump that is filled with pus and may have resulted due to an infection.
Rash: A variety of conditions that may show up as red raised up area from the skin and involves inflammation.
Vesicles and bullae: Raised bumps that are filled with fluid.
Various Dermatosis conditions
Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome): Sweet's syndrome is characterized by skin lesions, sore eyes, ache in joints and fever. Red, swollen rashes and papules that are tender. Neutrophilic dermatosis can be caused due to many infections such as IBD, rheumatoid arthritis or upper respiratory tract infections. Rarely it can be a sign of an underlying blood disorder or cancer.
Contagious pustular dermatosis: Also called Contagious pustular dermatitis, it can be contracted from sheep affected with sheep pox, it shows up as papules.
Digitate dermatosis: Finger shaped psoriatic rash at the side of waist.
Dermatosis cinecienta: Symmetrical patches of thickened skin that are ash colored and is generally common in individuals under 40 years.
Dermatosis neglecta: Appears like warts, is a type of plaque caused due to inadequate washing of skin in a particular area. Dermatosis neglecta surfaces in the form of localized scaling and hyperpigmentation.
Dermatosis papulosa nigra: Often seen in dark skin toned people, many small, benign, dark skin lesions are seen on the face.
Linear lichenoid dermatosis: Small and scaly papule, often seen in children.
Transient acantholytic dermatosis or Grover's disease: Chronic, itchy blistering that is usually triggered by heat or sweating. It appears suddenly as itchy red spots on the trunk. It lasts for weeks to months, but resolves spontaneously.
Juvenile plantar dermatosis: Cracking and peeling of the weight-bearing soles of the juvenile plantar dermatosis: cracking and peeling of the weight-bearing soles of the feet in children.
Rheumatoid neutrophilic dermatosis: Skin manifestation of . It manifests as reddish palms and brittle split nails. The skin on the hands might become translucent and wrinkled.
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Diseases, Symptoms, Tests and Treatment arranged in alphabetical order:
Bibliography / Reference
Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: December 5, 2023