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Dyspepsia

Dyspepsia or indigestion is a severe uncomfortable pain in the stomach accompanied by heartburn, burping, flatulence and vomiting. Symptoms of dyspepsia include upper abdominal fullness, bloating, nausea, belching and heartburn. Often dyspepsia is caused due to GERD. In some persons, dyspepsia symptoms are due to medications for high blood pressure and angina. Corticosteroids and NSAIDs can cause dyspepsia. Gallstones or duodenal ulcers can cause dyspepsia. Alcohol, caffeine and smoking aggravate the dyspepsia condition. Sometimes food allergies might trigger indigestion. Stress and anxiety contribute to dyspepsia symptoms. There is tenderness on palpitation of abdomen.


If there is blood in vomit or abdominal swelling, further investigations would be necessary. Tests are done to detect the presence of H. pylori bacteria. A gastrointestinal endoscopy can help detect peptic ulcer disease or other ulcerations with tissue and culture specimen. Barium studies aid in detecting any gastrointestinal disease. Treating dyspepsia is based on the causative factors. Antacids provide immediate relief from dyspepsia symptoms. They might be combined with alginates to reduce acid reflux. Lifestyle changes help in reducing discomfort and recurrence of indigestion symptoms. Cutting on fatty food and tea and coffee provides relief. Losing weight and reducing stress help tackle chronic indigestion symptoms.

Aceclofenac

Aceclofenac is a Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) that is commonly used for its analgesic (pain-relieving) and anti-inflammatory properties. It is typically prescribed to treat various conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and other inflammatory disorders.

Mechanism of Action : Aceclofenac works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are substances responsible for pain, swelling, and inflammation. It primarily targets the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX), specifically COX-2, thereby reducing pain and inflammation.

Indications : Aceclofenac is indicated for the relief of pain and inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and other musculoskeletal disorders. It can also be used to alleviate postoperative pain, dental pain and gynecological pain.

Dosage and Administration : The dosage of aceclofenac may vary depending on the patient's age, condition, and response. It is typically administered orally as tablets or capsules, with or without food. The recommended initial dose for adults is usually 100 mg twice daily. However, it is essential to follow specific dosing instructions provided by the manufacturer or the prescribing physician.

Contraindications and Precautions : Aceclofenac should be avoided in individuals with a history of hypersensitivity or allergic reactions to NSAIDs, including aspirin. It is also contraindicated in patients with active peptic ulcers, severe heart failure, severe renal impairment and bleeding disorders. Caution should be exercised in patients with a history of gastrointestinal disorders, asthma, hypertension, or compromised renal or hepatic function.

Adverse Effects : Common side effects of aceclofenac include gastrointestinal disturbances such as abdominal pain, dyspepsia, nausea, and diarrhea. Less frequently, it may cause dizziness, headache, skin rash, and elevated liver enzymes. Serious adverse effects like gastrointestinal bleeding, peptic ulcers, renal impairment, and allergic reactions can occur but are relatively rare.
Drug Interactions: Aceclofenac can interact with other medications such as anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), diuretics, and certain antihypertensive agents. It is important to evaluate potential drug interactions and adjust the dosage or consider alternative therapies if needed.
Pregnancy and Lactation : Aceclofenac is contraindicated during the third trimester of pregnancy as it may cause harm to the fetus and complications during delivery. It should also be avoided during breastfeeding as it can be excreted in breast milk.

Aceclofenac belongs to the family of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Other painkillers in this family include:

  • Ibuprofen: Ibuprofen is a commonly used NSAID that provides relief from pain, inflammation, and fever. It is available over-the-counter and in higher doses with a prescription.
  • Diclofenac: Diclofenac is another NSAID used to reduce pain, inflammation, and swelling. It is available in various formulations such as tablets, capsules, gels, and topical patches.
  • Naproxen: Naproxen is an NSAID used for the relief of pain, swelling, and stiffness caused by various conditions, including arthritis, tendonitis and menstrual cramps.
  • Indomethacin: Indomethacin is an NSAID prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain, inflammation, and stiffness associated with conditions like arthritis and gout.
  • Meloxicam: Meloxicam is an NSAID used for the management of pain and inflammation caused by conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
  • Ketorolac: Ketorolac is an NSAID available in oral and injectable forms, primarily used for short-term management of moderate to severe pain, such as postoperative pain or pain due to kidney stones.

It is important to note that while these medications belong to the same family of NSAIDs, they may have varying potencies, dosing regimens, and potential side effects. The choice of painkiller depends on the individual patient's condition, medical history, and the prescribing physician's judgment. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and selection of the most suitable painkiller.


Tags: #Dyspepsia #Aceclofenac
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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: February 23, 2024