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Fibrocystic Breast condition

Fibrocystic breast condition is a normal variant condition that many women face with their breasts. This condition is characterized by the presence of benign breast lumps and typically affects women in the age group of 30 - 50 years.

Fibrocystic breast disease is often referred to as chronic cystic mastitis or mammary dysplasia. Women suffering from Fibrocystic breast disease notice dense and irregular consistency in the breast tissue that is accompanied by dull pain and tenderness. Breast engorgement and nipple discharge is sometimes noticed. But it is essential that the symptoms of Fibrocystic breasts are not ignored as it might be a precursor to breast cancer. This condition can affect one or both breasts. The discomfort and swelling may be heightened prior to menstruation and taper off after that. The real cause for Fibrocystic breasts is still not completely understood but it is associated with ovarian hormones. Fibrocystic breast disease is characterized by pockets of irregularly-shaped cysts that lend a lumpy surface to the breast. These cysts are smooth and movable and make the breasts very tender. Sometimes the pain is severe prior to menstruation. In most cases, the condition disappears on menopause.


Fibrocystic breast condition can signal increased risk of cancer when accompanied by proliferative changes such as papillomatosis (skin lesion) or atypical epithelial Hyperplasia and increased breast density.

A physician will examine the breast masses and conduct a mammography to examine the tissues. Ultrasounds are useful in distinguishing cystic lumps from solid lesions. Often an aspiration of the cystic fluid may be necessary to diagnose the condition and drain the fluid. Usually Fibrocystic breast condition improves over time. Relief is sought by avoiding caffeine and aerated fluids. Pain relievers alleviate the tenderness and discomfort. Doses of Vitamin E are sometimes prescribed for women suffering from fibrocystic breast condition. Cold compresses on the tender breasts may offer relief. Sometimes surgical removal of the fibrocysts is undertaken. Hormonal therapy such as birth control pills and other medications that regulate estrogen and progesterone levels are sometimes resorted to.


Self Care tips

  • Monthly BSE - Breast Self Examination
  • Limiting dietary intake of saturated fats and salts
  • Wearing a well-fitting bra

Diagnostic Mammogram

Diagnostic mammograms are prescribed in cases where there are suspicious changes such as lump or pain in the breast or nipple discharge. If there have been any abnormal findings on a screening mammogram, a diagnostic mammogram is required. Though technically a diagnostic mammogram is similar to a screening mammogram, a diagnostic mammogram focuses on the particular symptoms or problems such as breast lumps or mass. A diagnostic mammogram provides additional views and makes use of special techniques to magnify the abnormal area of the breast.


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Bibliography / Reference

Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: August 24, 2019