MMR Vaccine is part of the recommended immunization schedule for children. It protects them against measles, mumps and rubella. While the first dose is given around 12 months, the second MMR vaccine is given around 4 years. There may be mild fever and swollen glands as a reaction to the MMR vaccine. Some children have redness or soreness at the site of the MMR vaccine injection. In rare cases, there is severe allergic to the MMR vaccine. It must not be administered to persons with a known allergy to gelatin or compromised immune system. Pregnant women must never be given an MMR vaccine.
The rubella vaccine is a live attenuated vaccine; a mixture of three live attenuated viruses. It is given as part of the MMR vaccine (protecting against Measles, Mumps and Rubella). All girls should be vaccinated against German measles. This is to prevent problems during pregnancy. First the measles vaccine was developed, later the mumps vaccine and finally the rubella vaccine was developed. They were combined into a single vaccination in the year 1971. These days a vaccine called the MMRV is available which is used to address mumps, measles, rubella and varicella (chickenpox).
These days all children are administered the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR or Priorix) in two doses.
1. The first dose is administered in 12-15 months
2. The second one in 3 years.
Women who have been vaccinated with this vaccine should avoid getting pregnant for a period of 3 months from the date of the vaccination. The first dose of MMR vaccine produces good immunity to measles (95–98%), mumps (97%), and rubella (95%). The second dose of MMR is supposed to produce immunity in people who did not respond to the first dose; however a very small percentage of people may not be protected even after a second dose.
Rubella or German Measles is different from measles in that this is caused by the rubella virus. This infection typically strikes at the skin and lymph nodes. When children are infected by rubella, it is generally a mild attack. Rubella is particularly dangerous when it attacks a pregnant woman. The infection can pass through the bloodstream to the fetus. This can result in congenital rubella syndrome in the offspring. This may manifest in growth and mental retardation or malformations. The MMR vaccine is an effective protection against rubella.
The symptoms associated with German measles are mild fever and tender lymph nodes. A rash appears on the face and spreads later to other parts of the body. The rash is pinkish or light red and causes itching. There may be headache, loss of appetite and runny nose. In few patients suffering from rubella, mild conjunctivitis is noticed. Typically the rubella rash lasts 3 days. While children recover faster, adults may take longer.
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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: September 30, 2023