Fracture of the fifth metatarsal of the foot is called Jones fracture or dancers fracture. The fifth metatarsal is located at the base of the small toe. This injury is named after Sir Robert Jones who originally explained this injury in 1902. Jones fracture usually is caused due to the wear and tear of the bone. When the bone is used more than the required limit, it leads to a stress fracture. Symptoms of Jones fracture include tenderness of the foot and swelling, thereby leading to difficulty in walking. There may be pain on the middle or outside area of the foot.
Jones fracture occurs primarily due to accidents. Use the right type of shoes or slippers and exercise care while walking fast or running on uneven surfaces. Jones fracture has to be treated at the initial levels itself to prevent it from worsening.
A fracture is called a metatarsal fracture when one of the long thin bones of the foot is fractured. It is also known as broken foot, and can be classified as Jones fracture, stress fracture of the foot, Lisfranc fracture dislocation, marcher's fracture, tennis fracture and dancer's fracture. Human foot has five metatarsal bones. Depending on the extent of injury and displacement, metatarsal fractures can be classified as minor or severe injuries. When this fracture occurs in an area of the foot where there is poor blood flow, the healing is more difficult. Jones Fracture is of this type and requires surgery to position the bones.
Twisting and dropping a heavy object on the foot are the two major causes for most of the metatarsal fractures. Direct impact of the falling object will result in a metatarsal fracture. Since the symptoms of this type of fracture may be similar to an ankle sprain, a metatarsal fracture may be missed at times. Though X-rays will help to confirm the fracture, a
CT scan or MRI is needed only when there are other injuries.
Keeping the injured foot at an elevated position will help to reduce the pain. One can use crutches to avoid pressure on the foot. Stiff soled shoe or a walking cast can be used as part of the treatment. A non-weight bearing cast for several weeks is prescribed for more severe fractures.If a metatarsal fracture has occurred in an area of the foot that has poor blood supply or if the bones are very much out of place, surgery is recommended. Maintaining good balance, good coordination and strength of the foot are some tips one should remember to avoid metatarsal fractures.
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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: February 26, 2020