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Uterine Balloon Therapy

Uterine Balloon Therapy is performed under local or general anesthesia. A local anesthesia to numb the cervix and the uterus is likely to be used. A day's rest after the procedure would suffice and then the patient can get back to routine lifestyle. Cramping during the procedure and a watery discharge for about 2 weeks after the procedure is normal.


This procedure is recommended for women with menorrhagia who do not have plans to conceive subsequently, as the procedure destroys the uterine line and therefore affects fertility. As there is a minimal percentage of pregnancy, post procedure women are advised to use contraceptive measures. Women with uterine conditions like fibroids are advised not to opt for uterine balloon therapy. Also, the pap smear and biopsy must be normal to go ahead for a uterine balloon therapy.


The entire procedure may be completed in 10 minutes. During the procedure, a soft, flexible balloon attached to a thin probe is inserted into the vagina through the cervix and placed in the uterus. The balloon is inflated with sterile fluid. It expands to fit the contours of the uterus. The fluid is heated to 87 degrees Celsius or 188 degrees Fahrenheit and maintained for 8 minutes while the uterine lining is treated. This allows for the uterine lining to get destroyed thermally.


Subsequently, the fluid is withdrawn, the balloon automatically deflates and the device is removed from the uterus through the cervix and vagina. The results are apparent from the very first period after the procedure. The menstrual bleeding will be moderate or light. Some women may experience spotting and some women may not have bleeding at all. There are some instances when the first few periods after the procedure has been heavy but shows improvement later.

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Collection of Pages - Last revised Date: December 11, 2017